Undergraduate Education Division. The campus-wide general education curriculum is overseen by the Division of Undergraduate Education, which provides students with challenging and rewarding academic experiences like Freshman Clusters, Fiat Lux Seminars, Writing II and Entrepreneurship programs . Interest Group
. UCLA is big: » 26,000 undergraduates and 12,000 graduate students. » Mor.. Title: Dates: Course Fee: 2020 Introduction to Sleep Medicine, OFP, TMJ/TMD. Date TBA. $ 400. UCLA Hawaii Symposium 2020. July 6-10, 2020 - Canceled Kauai in 202 Summer 2020 Courses. Session A: June 22 - July 21, 2020 Session C: August 3 - September 11, 2020. For information about UCLA Summer Sessions, including registration and fee information, visit summer.ucla.edu.Additional information can be found on our list of frequently asked questions.. Click through the session name under each class to see the course description on the Registrar's website
Stata Programs for Research and Teaching Courses Offered Next Quarter. The UCLA Department of French & Francophone Studies offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses in English and French. For information about specific section times and locations please view the UCLA Schedule of Classes Educators and writers. Linguists and literary critics. Historians and philosophers. These are only a few of the many roles students in the Humanities Division assume regularly at UCLA. And while the content may vary across disciplines, humanities students, in all of their roles, continue to analyze, theorize, write and read about the same important thing — the human condition.Undergraduates can choose from 125+ majors offered by the College and professional schools. And because these can be the most defining years in a student's life, deciding on a major can be just as meaningful as deciding on a university. If the course you took or plan to take has not been approved for UCLA Samueli School of Engineering credit, or the school does not maintain an agreement with UCLA, or the course does not show up on the assist.org website, please submit a Course Evaluation Request Form to 6426 Boelter Hall or to . and the results will be emailed to you after the.
Due to the coronavirus, UCLA is currently adhering to a remote learning model. We have no decision yet about Fall 2020. If the University, following State and Federal instructions, must continue remote learning in the Fall, the Professional Programs on campus students will begin all courses, including yearlong courses, online UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) is the largest UC campus in terms of enrollment, and one of the few public research universities located in a major city. UCLA Recreation is committed to providing high quality recreational experiences that benefit the campus community Special Notice Concerning the Global COVID-19 Pandemic: For important updates on UCLA campus safety precautions and associated information from county, state, and federal public health officials, please visit UCLA Covid-19, Bruins Safe Online, and the CDC's COVID-19 site See course details in the UCLA Course Catalog. See course details in the UCLA Course Catalog. Introduction to Musicianship. Introduction to musicianship through in-depth exploration of basic common musical elements and training in aural recognition, sight singing, dictation, and keyboard skills. Focus on topics such as tonal and modal harmony.
With online learning through UCLA Extension, you can upgrade your current skills—or explore an entirely new area of interest —with flexibility and convenience. Anytime 24/7 access to materials and interactive course elements, means you can study when you have time. Anywhere Login and learn from anywhere. At home or on the go Courses. The UCLA Department of French & Francophone Studies offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses in English and French. For information about specific section times and locations please view the UCLA Schedule of Classes. For a complete listing and description of department courses visit the UCLA General Catalog. French Courses for Non-Major
The school's program features an innovative practice-based curriculum, and graduates are eligible for licensure immediately after they receive their diploma. School of Nursing students are more than future nurses — they're future health care leaders. Management 128: Special Topics in Accounting. (4 units) Topics vary please check course title for details. Prerequisite: Mgmt 120B. Selected topics in public accounting, including mergers and acquisitions, public company status and going-public process, role of partner, serving entrepreneurial clients, and fund accounting Exploration of issues in outreach and retention of students in higher education, especially through student-initiated programs, efforts, activities, and services, with focus on UCLA as a case. American Indian Studies C120/C220—Working in Tribal Communities: Introductio Courses. For information about specific section times and locations please view the UCLA Schedule of Classes. For a complete listing of department courses visit the UCLA General Catalog. Fall 2019. AN N EA 596 - Directed Individual Stud
As one of the nation’s oldest, largest and most comprehensive continuing education providers, UCLA Extension combines top-tier academics with practical real-world applications. With online learning through UCLA Extension, you can upgrade your current skills—or explore an entirely new area of interest —with flexibility and convenience. We have courses everywhere from 3-weeks to 6-weeks. Click for more information UCLA Econ will be offering Econ 1 as a completely online course in Summer Session A 2020 Course Work. 1 university-level course or equivalent in Calculus, Linear Algebra, or Statistics; 1 university-level course in Chemistry or equivalent; 1 university-level course in Biology or equivalent; Students who do not have the prerequisites at the time of application may take equivalent courses at UCLA in their first year. How to Appl
The UCLA Psychology Department offers graduate Ph.D. training (there is no separate M.A. program or Psy.D. program offered) with area emphases in Behavioral Neuroscience, Clinical, Cognitive, Developmental, Health Psychology, Learning and Behavior, Quantitative, and Social Psychology.In all of these fields, the central objective is to train researchers dedicated to increasing the body of. Graduate Courses. List of courses offered by the Linguistics Department.. Not every class is offered every quarter. To see if a class meets in the current quarter, as well as the time and location, go to the Linguistics Department's Course Schedule page.. A number of courses, particularly proseminars, have content that varies from one offering to the next
195CE internship courses require a minimum of 8-10 hours per week (minimum 80 hours per quarter). When arranging a weekly work schedule with their internship supervisor, students should take care to leave time in their schedule to complete the assignments for their 195CE course and any other courses they may be taking during the quarter USC-UCLA Conference; Prizes; Courses. Courses and Schedules; Graduate Courses & Seminars; 2020 Summer Courses in Philosophy; Schedules Archive; Events. The History of Philosophy Research Cycle 2018-19; Logic, Language, and Mind Research Cycle 2020-2022; Alumni; Colloqu
UCLA provides pre-health students with a multitude of resources in advising for program planning and the admissions process. Pre-Health Course Requirement Worksheet. Most professional health programs require a general curriculum of chemistry, biology, math, and physics, which are listed in the UCLA Pre-Health Course Requirements Worksheet Courses. For information about specific section times and locations please view the UCLA Schedule of Classes. For a complete listing of department courses visit the UCLA General Catalog. Winter 2020. AN N EA 12W - Jerusalem: Holy City Instructor(s): Jeremy Smoak Seminar, four hours. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3 UCLA Writing Programs. A non-resident writing course for English-speaking High School students who seek to strengthen their writing and discussion skills. For over twenty years, UCLA Writing Programs has helped undergraduates successfully meet..
The College of Letters and Science is the overarching umbrella that encompasses the social sciences, the humanities, the physical and life sciences, and undergraduate education. It's the crossroads of perspectives, where students analyze and question. It's where they learn to think and write, both critically and creatively, about the literatures, social issues and languages of other cultures and where they're encouraged to teach us everything they can about their own. Course of Study Two-Year Graduate Program This course will consider models for developing the cultural and language skills of home speakers of the language of emphasis; practice in the use of activities to develop student ability to use language for real-world and academic purposes in culturally appropriate ways, and the use of approaches.
The course promotes critical thinking, reading, and communication skills to help students succeed at UCLA and be engaged as campus and global citizens. A compelling class theme enables students to develop a strong academic voice, attend to rhetorical concerns, and analyze texts, including expository and creative works that may be in print. UCLA Office of the Registrar-For current schedule information; UCLA Extension-For business, management, entertainment, engineering, technical, and personal enrichment courses; UCLA Summer Sessions-For shorter courses given during the summer (separate application required). More variety and options may be available during the summer than. Course Archive. The LGBTQ Studies Program is continuously exploring more diverse and inclusive topics. This list comprises an archive of courses offered by the LGBTQ Studies Program since it was established in 1997
Summer 2017 courses are available for enrollment! The Civil & Environmental Engineering Department will be offering the following courses. All continuing UCLA students can enroll via MyUCLA. M20 (ONLINE): Introduction to Computer Programming with MATLAB (4) (Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M20. The UCLA Department of Communication is an interdisciplinary group of scholars interested in communication at many levels of analysis, including digital and mass media, political communication, and i nterpersonal social interaction
Learn how we can help your organization meet its professional development goals and corporate training needs. In fact, thousands of UCLA students choose to study abroad each year! The UCLA International Education Office (IEO) is the student destination for all things study abroad. The IEO offers a complete range of services for UCLA and visiting international students who wish to study abroad Stats: UCLA offers more than 5000 courses in 109 academic departments with 125 majors. For every aspiration, UCLA has a means. With more than 3,800 courses in 109 academic departments, UCLA offers 125+ majors to help you define your academic path. And 70 percent of our undergraduate classes have 30 or fewer students, maximizing your personal. The Luskin School is all about creating leaders and change agents — and now undergraduates can earn the B.A. in public affairs. Luskin School faculty focus on critical local, state and national issues. Current researchers analyze drinking water quality for the State of California and create strategies to allay the effects of gentrification on neighborhoods. Undergraduates take courses in public policy, social welfare and urban planning. An experiential capstone project takes them to Washington D.C., Sacramento or international destinations during senior year. Courses are open to UCLA TFT majors and minors as well as students around the world. Learn more Summer Programs Held within the classrooms, theaters, dance studios, soundstages, editing labs and television studios of the school, Summer courses are taught by UCLA TFT faculty, many of whom are working professionals in the theater, film and.
Political Science Graduate Program at UCLA 4289 Bunche Hall Box 951472 Los Angeles, CA 90095-1472. FACULTY. Visit the Political Science's faculty roster. COURSE DESCRIPTIONS. Visit the registrar's site for the Political Science's course description WE ARE THE ACADEMIC HEART OF UCLA. Internet architect Leonard Kleinrock receives UCLA Medal. J. William Schopf's quest to fill a black hole of knowledge. UCLA In the News February 24, 2020. Campus leaders' message on supporting UCLA graduate students. UCLA In the News February 21, 2020. Israel's President Reuven Rivlin honored during.
Special Notice Concerning the Global COVID-19 Pandemic: For important updates on UCLA campus safety precautions and associated information from county, state, and federal public health officials, please visit UCLA Covid-19, Bruins Safe Online, and the CDC’s COVID-19 site. Current listing of Geography classes and course information from the UCLA Catalog. Current classes Course informatio Students are also responsible for keeping a copy of all assignments and work submitted, and for being aware of all assignments, due dates, and course guidelines.Log into Canvas, our easy-to-use, cloud-based learning management system using your web browser or the Canvas mobile app. Review the course syllabus, connect with classmates in the discussion portal and begin your studies!
Students must have basic computer skills, including the use of word processing software, email, and the ability to use internet browsers, such as Safari, Firefox, or Chrome. Students are responsible for meeting the technical requirements of Canvas and familiarizing themselves with the Canvas Learning Management System. Here are the primary UCLA-wide steps. Details do vary by program. COMPLETE COURSEWORK. You can expect to complete at least nine courses (36 units) for a master's degree. Depending on your field, you may take significantly more courses chosen by your program or electives Undergraduate Courses. List of courses offered by the Linguistics Department.. To see if a class meets in the current quarter, as well as the time and location, go to the Linguistics Department's Course Schedule page.. Courses usually offered every quarter are Linguistics 1, 20, 103, 120A, 120B
UCLA English professors, Justin Torres and Rafael Pérez-Torres participate in panel to celebrate the 25th anniversary of Gil Cuadros' City of God. City of God is rooted in the lived experience of its Angeleno author and is acknowledged to be among the first literary works to document AIDS through the eyes of a poz queer Latinx writer and artist The second and third years at UCLA Law offer a comprehensive selection of upper-division classes, clinics and specializations that are recognized as some of the most thought-provoking and rigorous experiences for law students anywhere. Our wide-ranging advanced curriculum enables students to build upon the achievements of the first year, while developing and refining their individual interests. The campus-wide general education curriculum is overseen by the Division of Undergraduate Education, which provides students with challenging and rewarding academic experiences like Freshman Clusters, Fiat Lux Seminars, Writing II and Entrepreneurship programs. The division also offers the Academic Advancement Program, College Honors Programs and two Centers for Undergraduate Research, as well as the Center for Community Learning. UCLA General Catalog 2019-20. The UCLA General Catalog is published annually in PDF and HTML formats. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information presented in the UCLA General Catalog.However, all courses, course descriptions, instructor designations, curricular degree requirements, and fees described herein are subject to change or deletion without notice IN THIS SECTION APPLY NOW WRITING FOR TELEVISION ONLINE Applications are now being accepted for the 2020-2021 Professional Program in Writing for Television, the only graduate-level non-degree writing for television program that has oversight by the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television. Learn from renowned UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television MFA faculty and [
UCLA DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS SCHEDULE FOR 2019-2020. For Graduate Courses COVID-19 update: UC has temporarily suspended the letter grade requirement for A-G courses completed in spring 2020 for all students, including UC's most recently admitted freshmen. A-G courses completed in spring 2020 with Pass (P) or Credit (CR) grades will satisfy appropriate A-G requirements. Pass (P) or Credit (CR) grades will meet A-G subject requirements but will not be calculated in.
UCLA online courses provide the tools and support you need to successfully participate in and fully utilize the online learning experience. There are dozens of online courses are offered this summer in a number exciting subject areas. Discover more about the unique experience of each online course by clicking on the course titles below The school is pioneering a new interdisciplinary curriculum at the crossroads of film and digital entertainment, performing arts, costume design and cutting-edge research. Combined with resources like the UCLA Film and Television Archive — the second largest moving image archive in the United States — this academic experience provides students with the skills and experience they need to navigate the professional landscape, both in school and after they graduate.Anytime 24/7 access to materials and interactive course elements, means you can study when you have time. Archaeology IDP Graduate Program Cotsen Institute of Archaeology 308 Charles E. Young Dr. North A148 Fowler Building/Box 951510 Los Angeles, CA 90095-151 Resident Courses; Advanced Cardiac Life Support - Recertification (ACLS-Recert) Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) Anesthesia PGY1 First Month Anesthesia (ANES-PGY1) Anesthesiology Critical Incident Simulation Training (ANES-CI) Emergency Medicine Simulation Training (EM SIM) Internal Medicine Simulation Training (IM SIM) NICU Team Training.
UCLA's Linguistics Department began as an interdepartmental graduate M.A. program in 1960; a Ph.D. program was introduced in 1962, and a B.A. program in 1965. The department was established in 1966, and has flourished ever since; its doctoral program has consistently been ranked in national surveys as one of the top two or three programs in. UCLA's graduate programs have a reputation for producing professionals, researchers and leaders who have a major impact on the world. With 40 programs ranked among the best in the nation, UCLA gives today's graduate students the resources and cutting-edge instruction they need to go out and leave their own indelible mark Courses follow numbering and other conventions that designate class level and type. Course descriptions establish the general or specific topic of study. Current course descriptions are updated daily at 9 a.m. Published current courses have been approved by the UCLA Academic Senate. Descriptions are listed alphabetically by subject area
1309 Murphy Hall Box 951413 Los Angeles, CA 90095-1413 (t) (310) 206-1953 (f) (310) 267-234 Favorites, recommendations, and notifications are only available for UCLA Graduate Students at this time. Professor receives three research awards for work in geriatric psychiatry. Study finds genetic link to extinct relative of humans in 4 modern West African populations. UCLA Engineering professor receives Computer Pioneer Award. UCLA In the News February 10, 2020. UCLA In the News February 11, 2020. UCLA In the News February 12, 2020 Online course enrollment will begin February 1, 2020 for current UCLA students and February 15, 2020 for non-UCLA students. For more information on enrollment and registration, fees and payment, and relevant University and Summer Sessions policies applicable to online courses, please click on the link below. Online Course Information
Courses. A complete list of our lower division, upper division, and graduate courses can be found in the General Catalog.. Below is a flow chart illustrating the relationship of our lower division and upper division courses Departments & Programs Phone: 310-206-6905 | Building on a long tradition of intellectual innovation, the Department of Art History at UCLA provides a rigorous program of undergraduate and graduate study that endorses an interdisciplinary and intercultural approach to art history of all periods and places 2020 Summer Courses in Philosophy . Enrollment is open for UCLA summer courses. Current UCLA Students can enroll at MyUCLA. Visiting students can register at summer.ucla.edu. *Both Summer Session A and Session C courses will be taught remotely* Session A: June 22 - July 31 Philos 6 - Introduction to Political Philosophy. Instructor: Ayana Samue 8:30am - 5:30pm. 24th Annual Restaurant Executive Conference. Info Session: Architecture & Interior Design. UCLA Extension Lindbrook Center in Westwood. Career Insights. Fastest Growing Jobs of 2020. January 31, 2020. Prepare for the new world of work
The instructors and support providers had a personalized approach, facilitating my interest in styling assignments to address the populations I serve. At UCLA Extension, I truly feel like an individual, not just number in a digital course space. Legal Programs. From paralegal to business law, we offer programs to help you advance your legal career. UCLA is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) 2020 The Regents of the University of California. Courses. Fields of Study. Accounting & Taxation Make your goals happen. Whether you’re looking to advance your career, start a new career or just learn a new skill, select a field of study below to explore our course offerings and get started today. UCLA School of Law, 385 Charles E. Young Drive East, 1242 Law Building, Los Angeles, California 9009 General Education Course Requirements for the School of Arts and Architecture ; UCLA General Catalog for the School of the Arts and Architecture For additional information, please contact. Caron Cronin, Student Advisor UCLA Department of Art 2275 Broad Art Center Los Angeles, CA 90095 (310) 206-7363 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Spanish 27 is a course in advanced Spanish composition and conversation for heritage speakers. Portuguese 1-3 are introductory courses in Portuguese language and culture. Portuguese 11A-11B are accelerated introductory courses in Portuguese language and culture, designed specifically for speakers with proficiency in another romance language The Applied Management Research Program (AMR) has been a critical part of the MBA curriculum and experience at UCLA Anderson since 1967. More than 2,400 student teams working closely with a faculty advisor have served as strategic consultants to organizations ranging from private businesses and large public corporations to government agencies and not-for-profit entities Below is a master list of all approved GE courses. Select a foundation to display courses that satisfy each category. Students should consult their respective counseling office for advice on which courses best fulfill their GE requirements. Check the Schedule of Classes or MyUCLA to confirm the term in which a class will be offered
UCLA offers a wide variety of development programs to build job skills for the role you have and to foster the career you hope to develop. Programs extend to all segments of the workforce. Check out the many opportunities - classes and workshops, career programs, management development, UC institutes, training certificate programs and online. Transfer Course Requirements. Applicants to the Samueli School of Engineering must have a minimum 3.4 GPA at the time of application to be considered for admission. At the time of entrance, applicants must have attained junior standing (60 semester/90 quarter units) and completed preparation for the selected major Since 1954, UCLA Anderson Executive Education has been in the business of helping organizations and individuals work smarter. We drive new knowledge off of the white board and into the workplace where it counts. We're not just on campus. We meet today's leaders wherever they are in the world: on the go, in the cloud and online
Humanities & Social Sciences. Landscape Architecture & Horticulture. Sciences & Math. Writing & Journalism. Corporate Education. Learn how we can help your organization meet its professional development goals and corporate training needs. Donate to UCLA Extension. Support our many efforts to reach communities in need. Innovation Programs Other Bioinformatics Courses: These courses are additional courses in Bioinformatics available at UCLA. For Bioinformatics Ph.D. students, these are excellent choices for electives in addition to taking the additional 2 core courses. Each term, the Topics in Bioinformatics course covers a distinct topic in Bioinformatics The Department of Philosophy is part of the Humanities Division within UCLA College. 321 Dodd Hall | Los Angeles, CA 90095-1451 | P: (310) 825-4641 | F: (310) 825-604 Each UCLA course is numbered from 1-599 (e.g., English 101). Below is a description of the UCLA course numbering system. Please select courses that best meet your current academic standing. 1-99: Lower division courses designed for undergraduate freshmen and sophomores; 100-199: Upper division courses designed for undergraduate juniors and senior
I work full‐time, Monday to Saturday, and I'm taking my courses fully online in a different time zone, but I've always been able to get prompt responses and support I need in order to succeed in my classes. I learn dynamic hands‐on skills and practical knowledge which I can apply directly at work. UCLA has a long tradition of academic and research excellence, which is universally respected by leading employers and graduate schools alike. We offer 130 majors, and dozens of our academic programs rank among the top programs in the U.S. Los Angeles is about dreaming big, so let us help you realize your dreams
Included among the programs are Classroom Services, Faculty Instructional Improvement Grants, Educational Technology programs and Teaching Assistant training programs. In addition, the Center for Educational Assessment conducts comprehensive evaluations of the curricular and programmatic efforts to improve the quality of undergraduate education. UNDERGRADUATE FILM, TELEVISION AND DIGITAL MEDIA PROGRAMS. The Department of Film, Television and Digital Media (FTVDM) at UCLA TFT offers programs of study in Animation, Directing, Cinematography, Documentary, Producing, Screenwriting and Cinema and Media Studies, including the creative and technical practices as well as the history and theory of moving images Concrete discovery — that's what the Division of Physical Sciences is all about. From astronomy and mathematics to geophysics and chemistry, students in the physical sciences are on a perpetual quest for truth in which the biggest differences between disciplines are the methods they use and the discoveries they make.
Sign in features are only available for UCLA graduate students at this time. OK, Sign me out Special Notice: COVID-19 Resources and Support UCLA Graduate Programs How to Applyto UCLA Graduate School Programs A-Z Programs Sorted by Schools Program Statistics UCLA Graduate Programs: A-Z Quickly browse graduate programs at the University of California Los Angeles. Meet UCLA faculty, learn graduate school admissions requirements, acceptance rates, and deadlines, and which programs offer doctoral and master’s degrees. View the UCLA General Catalog from 1919-20 onward, and State Normal School Catalogue and Circular from 1882-83 to 1918-1 The UCLA School of Dentistry offers several pre-dental technique courses through our Continuing Education Office. These courses have played a major role in assisting pre-health professional students in making their decisions to apply for dental school
The Social Sciences Division guides students toward socially, culturally and environmentally relevant thinking and action. From African American studies and political science to anthropology and communication studies, the social sciences explore how the world works. And as an institution at the forefront of progress, UCLA endows its students with the ability not only to prepare for changes in the world but to bring change about.UCLA is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and by numerous special agencies. Information regarding the University's accreditation may be obtain from the Office of Academic Planning and Budget, 2107 Murphy Hall. The UCLA School of Nursing Prelicensure program for undergraduate study leading to the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Nursing graduated its first class. The B.S. Prelicensure program is designed to prepare students for a career in nursing. This is a four-year program beginning in the freshman year and students are eligible to take the.
UCLA Registrar's Office website offers information and resources for current students, prospective students, faculty and staff, and alumni. It is home to the quarterly Schedule of Classes, the General Catalog, important dates and deadlines, fee information, and more Courses About our Summer English Language Courses. The UCLA Summer ESL Program offers a range of courses designed to meet the demands of our international student population. Our program understands that small classes and close relations between instructors and students is the key to success, which is why we keep our courses small and intimate Courses Graduates Winter. Please visit the Registrar's website for real-time information including section times, course capacity, etc.. AH 202 Topics in Theory and Criticism in Art History Dell Upton W / 3:30 - 5:20 pm / Dodd 275 Seminar, three hours
To enroll in the UCLA programs and research study, complete the entry survey by October 8. Bruin MindFit (BMF) for Students Bruin MindFit (BMF) is a 8 week hands-on mindful movement and meditation course, offered to students at no cost, that teaches several effective stress-management tools UCLA School of Law Curriculum Guide. S. Banner. In this course students work on real cases before the United States Supreme Court, while learning how the Court selects and decides its cases and how lawyers shape their arguments UCLA Extension certificate programs are among our most attractive study options for international students and professionals. Advantages of our certificate programs include: UCLA : The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) has name-recognition throughout the world; UCLA Extension is part of UCLA Management - MBA Graduate Program at UCLA B-201 Gold Hall 110 Westwood Plaza Box 951481 Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481. FACULTY. Visit the Management - MBA's faculty roster. COURSE DESCRIPTIONS. Visit the registrar's site for the Management - MBA's course description Majors and Minors Majors. UCLA offers over 130 undergraduate majors in seven academic divisions: The College of Letters and Science. The liberal arts curriculum of the UCLA College of Letters and Science begins by bringing together perspectives from many fields to analyze issues, pose questions, and train students to think and write creatively as well as critically